Although initially established and mainly inhabited by Hungarian and Czech immigrants, the Stockyards have grown to be a very diverse neighborhood with a large increase in African American and Latino residents since 2010. The Stockyard neighborhood is home to over 9,195 residents. Overall the population of the Stockyard neighborhood is approximately 66.8% white, 21.7% black, 0.4% Asian, and 11.1% other/more than one race. Approximately 32% of residents identify as Latinx. Median household income for the area is $21,292.
The Stockyard neighborhood derives its name from The Cleveland Union Stockyards Co. which covered 13 acres of property at 3200 W. 65th Street from 1893 until 1963 when its doors were officially closed. Cleveland Union Stockyards moved to W. 65th Street after its original site on Scranton was destroyed by a landslide. In the 1920s, it was the 7th largest stockyard in the country and continuing to experience growth through the 1940s when Cleveland was one of the largest meat-processing centers in the United States. Due to many factors including diet, distribution and other social and marketing trends, the stockyard industry reached a state of decline after the 1940s and continued to decline until the Cleveland Union Stockyard Co. had no choice but to shut its doors in 1968.
The Stockyard neighborhood was also home to Pilsener Brewing Company, located at the intersection of Clark Avenue and W. 65th Street. The brewery was established in 1893 by Wenzel Medlin, and got its name from the Czech city of Pilsen where the style of beer originated. The brewery bottled four beers, including P.O.C., which stood for Pilsener of Cleveland. Prohibition put bottling on hold in 1919 but it resumed again in 1933 when the amendment was lifted. Pilsener Brewing Company operations were shut down in 1963 when it was bought by Duquesne Brewing Company.
The establishment of industries, such as The Cleveland Union Stockyards Co. and Pilsener Brewing Company in the late 1800s, meant an influx of residents to the neighborhood, as employees were looking to live close to their places of employment. Small houses were built quickly throughout the Stockyard neighborhood, resulting in a large number of worker-style cottages, which are smaller and were lower cost to build.
Adding to the community’s diversity, the Stockyards is home to Thomas Jefferson Newcomers Academy, Cleveland’s public school that focuses on newcomer students who speak little to no English. In an effort to revitalize the area around Thomas Jefferson and fill vacant homes, the concept of the International Village was formed. The plan for the International Village, situated in the area within half a mile of the school, is to rehab homes and provide them as housing to new refugee families. Ideal for immigrant families with children who would have easy access to school.